Map of the EU and Austria as the member of the European Union
Austria is shown in the map of the EU and 20 years Austrian EU membership Austria’s membership in the European Union has had a decisive impact on the country’s European and foreign policy of the past 20 years and makes it possible to advocate Austrian concerns within the EU decision-making structures. Representatives of Austria act in the framework of co-determination in the European Council, the Council and its preparatory bodies; plus there are directly elected Austrian members of the European Parliament as well as Austrian representatives in the other EU institutions.
In the map of the EU comprehensive coordination of the Austrian positions is ensured by the consultation obligation defined in the Austrian Constitution, especially vis-à-vis the Parliament, the federal provinces and communities, the interest groups and the public. EU issues feature prominently on the daily agenda of Austria’s foreign policy; after all, it is important that Austrian interests and positions are pursued further on the European level in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy.
Austria in the map of these EU issues include above all initiatives in the multilateral field, such as initiatives to protect civilians in armed conflicts, strengthening human rights and the rights of minorities, disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Austria held the EU Presidency in the second half of 1998 and the first six months of 2006. Twenty years after Austria’s accession to the European Union, numerous studies provide impressive proof that the Austrian economy profits significantly from its involvement in the growing internal market which is also reflected in the creation of jobs.
What is reflected in the map of Austria and also in the map of the EU is as some 70% of Austria’s foreign trade is with EU member states, the internal market means significant savings for the Austrian economy. Since our accession in 1995, exports have tripled and 13,000 new jobs have been created per year. There is no doubt that Austria’s economy would not have been able to benefit from the opportunities granted by the enlargement without its membership in the EU and without the accession to the Monetary Union and that it would also have been hit much harder by the consequences of the financial and economic crisis.
The map of the EU and map of Vienna is about the citizens, in particular, benefit from the numerous advantages and facilities that have become integral parts of our lives– travelling through a Europe without borders, studying in other member states in the framework of EU exchange programmes, benefits of the common currency and the right to settle in any EU member state (Europe of Citizens). AUSTRIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EU ON 1 JANUARY 1995 Austria’s accession to the European Union marked the completion of the process of Austria’s integration efforts which had started long before the submission of Austria’s application for EC membership by then Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alois Mock, on 17 July 1989.
Austria as a member state of map of the EU was one of the founding members of the European Free Trade Area (EFTA), established by the Stockholm Convention which entered into force on 3 May 1960. The first closer economic ties to the states forming the European Economic Community (EEC) were established in 1973 when the free trade area between Austria and the EEC was set up. This bridge between the members of EFTA and the members of the EU proved successful because the EFTA states’ export business was granted largely unhindered access to the EC area in the industrial sector, it did not offer any perspective for more comprehensive relations.
The map of the EU follows the submission of Austria’s application for membership on 7 July 1989, the EC Council agreed to launch the accession process on 28 July 1989, with the formal membership negotiations starting on 1 February 1993. In 1989 the plan for the establishment of a European Economic Area presented by then President of the Commission, Jacques Delors provided for a close association between EFTA and the EEC. By the time the treaty establishing the European Economic Area was signed in Porto on 2 May 1992, Austria had already set itself the integration goal of full membership in the European Communities.